New publication! Assuring destruction forever: 2022 edition
Reaching Critical Will has published an updated version of its regular study about nuclear modernisation: Assuring destruction forever: 2022 edition.
As of late 2021, the nuclear-armed states are estimated to possess approximately 13,150 nuclear weapons, most of which are many times more powerful than the nuclear weapon dropped on Hiroshima. All the nuclear-armed states have plans to modernise—upgrade and / or extend the lives of—their nuclear weapons, including in the midst of a global health pandemic in which most governments have been unable to provide adequate protective equipment, and medical supplies and services.
This updated study explores the ongoing and planned nuclear weapon modernisation programmes in China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, France, India, Israel, Pakistan, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States.