Documents from the 2018 CCW Group of Governmental Experts on lethal autonomous weapon systems
CONFERENCE DOCUMENTS (August 2018)
Draft conclusions and recommendations (29 August 2018)
Draft conclusions and recommendations (30 August 2018)
Draft conclusions and recommendations (31 August 2018)
Emerging commonalities, conclusions, and recommendations (1 September 2018)
WORKING PAPERS (August 2018)
Human Machine Touchpoints: The United Kingdm's perspective on human control over weapon development and targeting cycles
Submitted by the United Kingdom
Categorizing lethal autonomous weapons systems - A technical and legal perspective to understanding LAWS
Submitted by Estonia and Finland
Human Machine interaction in the development, deployment and use of ermerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems
Submitted by France
Human-Machine Interaction in the Development, Deployment, and Use of Emerging Technologies in the Area of Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems
Submitted by the United States
Areas of Convergence on LAWS
Submitted by Brazil
CCW/GGE.2/2018/WP.6 - Unformatted advance version
The Australian Article 36 Review Process
Submitted by Australia
Proposal for a mandate to negotiate a legally-binding instrument that addresses the legal, humanitarian and ethical concerns posed by emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS)
Submitted by Austria, Brazil and Chile
CONTRIBUTIONS FROM NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS (August 2018)
South African Research Chair in International Law, "International law and the standard of human control in weapon system"International law and the standard of human control in weapon system"
CONFERENCE DOCUMENTS (April 2018)
WORKING PAPERS (April 2018)
General principles on lethal autonomous weapons systems
Submitted by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and Other States Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)
Working paper on lethal autonomous weapons systems
Submitted by Poland
Humanitarian benefits of emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapon systems
Submitted by the United States of America
Ethics and autonomous weapon systems: An ethical basis for human control?
Submitted by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
CCW/GGE.1/2018/WP.6 (translation in English available here)
Russia's approaches to the elaboration of a working definition and basic functions of lethal autonomous weapons systems in the context of the purposes and objectives of the convention
Submitted by the Russian Federation
Submitted by China
CONTRIBUTIONS FROM NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS
Center for Autonomy and AI (CAAI), "Redefining Human Control - Lessons from the Battlefield for Autonomous Weapons"
School of Law, Birmingham City University, Dr Ozlem Ulgen, "Definition and Regulation of LAWS"
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Mark Avrum Gubrud, Adjunct Assistant Professor, "The Ottawa Definition of Ladmines as a Start to Defining LAWS"
International Committee for Robot Arms Control, Guidelines for the human control of weapons
ICT4 Peace Foundation, Regina Surber, Scientific Advisor, "Artificial Intelligence: Autonomous Technology (AT), Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) and Peace Time Threats"
Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, Maya Brehm, "Defending the Boundary - Constraints and Requirements on the Use of Autonomous Weapon Systems under International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law"
International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons (iPRAW), Focus on the Human-Machine Relation in LAWS