Documents from the 2018 CCW Group of Governmental Experts on lethal autonomous weapon systems

Conference documents 

August 2018

Informal indicative schedule

Side event schedule

April 2018

Provisional agenda

Provisional programme of work

Informal indicative schedule 

Side event schedule 

Chair's informal compilation of proposed definitions and characterisations 

Chair's informal compilation of views on the human element in the use of lethal force and aspects of human-machine interaction

Chair's slides on agenda item 6b 

Chair's summary of the discussions

Contributions from non-governmental organisations 

August 2018

April 2018

Campaign to Stop Killer Robots Briefing Note (English, French, Spanish)

Center for Autonomy and AI (CAAI), "Redefining Human Control - Lessons from the Battlefield for Autonomous Weapons"

School of Law, Birmingham City University, Dr Ozlem Ulgen, "Definition and Regulation of LAWS"

University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Mark Avrum Gubrud, Adjunct Assistant Professor, "The Ottawa Definition of Ladmines as a Start to Defining LAWS"

International Committee for Robot Arms Control, Guidelines for the human control of weapons 

ICT4 Peace Foundation, Regina Surber, Scientific Advisor, "Artificial Intelligence: Autonomous Technology (AT), Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems (LAWS) and Peace Time Threats"

Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, Maya Brehm, "Defending the Boundary - Constraints and Requirements on the Use of Autonomous Weapon Systems under International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law

International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons (iPRAW), Focus on the Human-Machine Relation in LAWS 


Working papers 

August 2018

Human Machine Touchpoints: The United Kingdm's perspective on human control over weapon development and targeting cycles
Submitted by the United Kingdom


April 2018

General principles on lethal autonomous weapons systems
Submitted by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and Other States Parties to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW)

CCW/GGE.1/2018/WP.2 (translation in English available here)
Strengthening of the review mechanisms of a new weapon, means or methods of warfare
Submitted by Argentina 

Working paper on lethal autonomous weapons systems
Submitted by Poland

Humanitarian benefits of emerging technologies in the area of lethal autonomous weapon systems
Submitted by the United States of America

Ethics and autonomous weapon systems: An ethical basis for human control?
Submitted by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

CCW/GGE.1/2018/WP.6 (translation in English available here)
Russia's approaches to the elaboration of a working definition and basic functions of lethal autonomous weapons systems in the context of the purposes and objectives of the convention 
Submitted by the Russian Federation

Position Paper
Submitted by China